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Ravi Kant

Ravi Kant

AIIMS, India

Title: Cognitive effect of standardized group education programme in diabetic population


Biography: Ravi Kant


Background and Aim – The prevalence of diabetes in India has reached alarming levels with 8.7% of population affected as of 2015, which is expected to double in the future. The reasons for the rapid increase in prevalence of diabetes include genetic predilection of Indian population, economic boom, sedentary lifestyle, inadequate follow up and lack of disease awareness. The aim of the study was to overcome the self care deficit which would help patients to be more compliant and better in managing their illness.

Methodology – The study was conducted at weekly diabetes clinic at AIIMS, Rishikesh in which 2oo patients participated. Two sessions, each of 60 minutes were conducted fortnightly. The patients were educated by trained personnel using specially designed module in patients’ own language.  Each group consisted of 10- 15 participants. Participants were tested at the beginning and after the educational programme using a 10 item questionnaire. Data was analysed using MS Excel 2010.  Paired t test was used to find any significant difference between pre and post test score. Average learning gain was computed by Pre – post / 10- pre X100.

Results - A significant improvement in test scores after education session was noted. Average learning gain was 77.98 % ± 23.27 % after the group education. Sixty four percent participants demonstrated more than 75% learning gain.

Conclusion and further scope – A dedicated group session programme implemented in an environment conducive to learning with specially designed module has a significant impact on patients’ knowledge (64% participants demonstrated more than 75% learning gain) about the cause and treatment of their disease. The study can be extended to see if it impacts behaviour by tracing changes in glycaemic control.